Panathenaic Runners Amphora
Athenian black-figure pottery amphora (storage jar), attributed to the Swing Painter, 550-501BC
Winners at the Panathenaic Games in Athens received a large jar of olive oil with the goddess Athena on one side and an image of an event on the other. Here, three youths compete in a foot race. The Panathenaic Games, modelled on the Olympic Games, were held every four years in Athens from 566BC into the 3rd century CE. They were named after Athena, patron deity of the games and host city, Athens. The games, including boxing, wrestling, pankration, pentathlon and chariot racing, formed part of The Great Panathenea a much larger religious occasion, consisting of festivals and cultural events such as poetry competitions, all hosted within a stadium.